Research Publications

Research Publications

Associate Director of Conservation and Science Kaitlyn Parkins and Conservation Field Biologist Emilio Tobón band an American Oystercatcher on Breezy Point beach. Photo: Sohel Shah
Our conservation team has been conducting crucial research on New York City's birds, their habitats, and the environmental threats they face in our city, stretching back the past 35 years. Research papers authored by NYC Audubon staff are listed below in reverse chronological order. Learn more about members of our conservation team on our staff page

Research Papers in Reverse Chronological Order

MacPherson, M.P., K.R. Burgio, M.G. DeSaix, B.G. Freeman, J. Herbert, R. Herman, V. Jirinec, J. Shonfield, D.L. Slager, C.B. van Rees, and J.E. Jankowski. “Predicting Bird Distributions Under Global Change.” bioRxiv (2021). 2021.05.26.445867. DOI: 2021.05.26.445867

Botton, M.L., C.P. Colon, M. Sclafani, R.E. Loveland, S.B. Elbin, and K.L. Parkins. "The relationships between spawning horseshoe crabs and egg densities: Recommendations for the assessment of populations and habitat suitability." Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems (2021).

Erickson, O.A., R.B. Cole, J.M. Isaacs, S. Alvarez-Clare, J. Arnold, A. Augustus-Wallace, J.C. Ayoob, A. Berkowitz, J. Branchaw,  K.R. Burgio, et al. “How do we do this at a distance?! A descriptive study of remote undergraduate research programs during COVID-19.” bioRxiv (2021). 10.1101/2021.05.17.443632. DOI: 10.1101/2021.05.17.443632

Loring, P. H., A. K. Lenske, J. D. McLaren, M. Aikens, A. M. Anderson, Y. Aubrey, E. Dalton, A. Dey, C. Friis, D. Hamilton, R. Holberton, D. Kriensky, D. Mizrahi, L. Nikes, K.L. Parkins, et al. "Tracking Movements of Migratory Shorebirds in the US Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf Region." Sterling (VA): US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management. OCS Study BOEM 8 (2021): 104 (link)

Burgio, K.R., C.J. Carlson, A.L. Bond, M.A. Rubega, and M.W. Tingley. “The two extinctions of the Carolina parakeet.” Bird Conservation International (2021). Preprint available: bioRxiv 801142. DOI: 10.1101/801142

Burgio, K.R. “Night Parrot: Australia’s Most Elusive Bird.” Ornithological Applications (2021). 123: 1-2. DOI:10.1093/ornithapp/duaa070

Rubega, M.A., K.R. Burgio, R.S. Capers, A.A.M. MacDonald, A. Oeldorf-Hirsch, and R. Wyss. 2020. Assessment by audiences shows little effect of science communication training. Science Communication (2021). 43(2):139-169. DOI:10.1177/1075547020971639

Partridge, D.R., K.L. Parkins, S.B. Elbin, and J.A. Clark. "Bat activity correlates with moth abundance on an urban green roof." Northeastern Naturalist (2020). 27: 77-89. 

Gravely, J., K.R. Burgio, and M.A. Rubega. “A Method for Measuring the Thermal Insulation Value of Bird Feather Coats.” Journal of Visualized Experiments (2020). 160: e60981. DOI:10.3791/60981

Burgio, K.R., C.M. MacKenzie, S.B. Borelle, S.K.M. Ernest, J.L. Gill, K.E. Ingeman, A. Teffer, and E.P. White. “Ten Simple Rules for a Successful Remote Postdoc.” PLoS Computational Biology (2020). 16: e1007809. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007809

Burgio, K.R., C.R. van Rees, K.E. Block, M. Spreyer, and E.H. Bucher.  “Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)” In: Birds of the World (2020). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. DOI: 10.2173/bow.monpar.01

Brightsmith, D., K.R. Burgio, B.J. Hiller, K.E. Block, P. Pyle, and M.A. Patten. “Yellow-chevroned Parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri).” In: Birds of the World (2020). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. DOI: 10.2173/bow.yecpar.01

Brightsmith, D., K.R. Burgio, B.J. Hiller, K.E. Block, P. Pyle, and M.A. Patten. “White-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolorus).” In: Birds of the World (2020). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. DOI: 10.2173/bow.whwpar.01

Elbin, S.B., E. Tobón, 2019. “Glossy Ibis (Plegadis facinellus) nesting in New York City, New York.” SIS Conservation (2019). 1: 122-126.

Burgio, K.R., L.M. Cisneros, K.E. Davis, L.M. Dreiss, B.T. Klingbeil, S.J. Presley, and M.R. Willig. “Dimensions of passerine biodiversity along a tropical elevational gradient: a nexus for historical biogeography and contemporary ecology.” bioRxiv (2019). 842138. DOI: 10.1101/842138

Burgio, K.R., K.E. Davis, L.M. Dreiss, B.T. Klingbeil, L.M. Cisneros, S.J. Presley, C.B. van Rees, and M.R. Willig. Multiple dimensions of global parrot diversity. bioRxiv (2019). 812321. DOI: 10.1101/812321

Carlson, C.J., K.R. Burgio, T.A. Dallas, and W.M. Getz. “The mathematics of extinction across scales: from populations to the biosphere.” In: Mathematics of Planet Earth, Vol 5 (2019). Springer, Cham. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22044-0_9

Kosman, E., K.R. Burgio, S.J. Presley, M.R. Willig, and S.M. Scheiner. “Conservation prioritization based on trait-based metrics illustrated with global parrot distributions.” Diversity and Distributions (2019). 25: 1156–1165. DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12923

Burgio, K.R., K.E. Davis, L.M. Dreiss, B.T. Klingbeil, L.M. Cisneros, S.J. Presley, and M.R. Willig. “A complete phylogenetic supertree and trait database for all extant parrots.” Data In Brief (2019). 24: 103882. DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2019.103882

Bahlai, C. L.J. Bartlett, K.R. Burgio, A.M.V. Fournier, C.N. Keiser, T. Poisot, K. Stack Whitney. “Open Science Isn’t Always Open to All Scientists.” American Scientist (2019). 107: 78-83. DOI: 10.1511/2019.107.2.78

Partridge, D.R. and J.A. Clark. “Urban green roofs provide habitat for migrating and breeding birds and their arthropod prey.” PLoS One (2018). 13(8):e0202298. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0202298.

Burgio, K.R. “The mysterious and tragic story of America’s only native parrot, now extinct for 100 years.” Washington Post (2018) (link)

Bond, A.L., C.J. Carlson, and K.R. Burgio. “Local extinction of insular avifauna on the most remote inhabited island in the world.” Journal of Ornithology (2018). DOI: 10.1007/s10336-018-1590-8

Carlson, C.J., A.L. Bond, and K.R. Burgio. “Re-evaluating sighting models, and moving beyond them, to test and contextualize the extinction of the thylacine.” Conservation Biology (2018). DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13187

Burgio, K.R., C.J. Carlson, A.L. Bond. “Georeferenced sighting and specimen occurrence data of the extinct Carolina Parakeet 1564 – 1944.” Biodiversity Data Journal (2018). 6: e25280. DOI: 10.3897/BDJ.6.e25280

Carlson, C.J., K.R. Burgio, T.A. Dallas, and A.L. Bond. “spatExtinct: an R package for spatially-interpolated extinction date estimation from sighting data.” bioRxiv (2018). 279679. DOI: 10.1101/279679

Carlson, C.J., A.L. Bond, and K.R. Burgio. “Estimating the extinction date of the Thylacine accounting for unconfirmed sightings.” Conservation Biology (2018). 32: 477-483. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13037

Parkins, K.L., M. Michelle, C. McCann, and J.A. Clark. "Bats in the Bronx: Acoustic monitoring of bats in New York City." Urban Naturalist (2017). 10: 1-16. (link)

Van Doren, B.M., K.G. Horton, A.M. Dokter, H. Klinck, S.B. Elbin, and A. Farnsworth. "High-intensity urban light installation dramatically alters nocturnal bird migration." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017). 114: 11175-11180. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1708574114

Carlson, C.J, K.R. Burgio, et al. “Parasite biodiversity faces extinction and redistribution in a changing climate.” Science Advances (2017). 3: e1602422 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602422

Burgio, K.R., C.J. Carlson, and M.W. Tingley. “Lazarus ecology: recovering the natural history of the extinct Carolina parakeet.” Ecology and Evolution (2017). 7: 5467-5475. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3135

Cizauskas, C.A., C.J. Carlson, K.R. Burgio, C.F. Clements, N.C. Harris, E.R. Dougherty, and A.J. Phillips. “Parasite vulnerability to climate change: an evidence-based functional trait approach.” Royal Society Open Science (2017). 4: 160535. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160535

Carlson, C.J., O.C. Mullerklein, A.J. Phillips, K.R. Burgio, G. Castaldo, C.A. Cizauskas, G. Cumming, T.A. Dallas, J. Dona, Z. Miao, H. Proctor, H.S. Yoon, and W.M. Getz. “The Parasite Extinction Assessment Red List (PEARL): an extensible, open-source, online biodiversity database for neglected invertebrates.” bioRxiv (2017). 192351. DOI: 10.1101/192351

Washburn, B.E., S.B. Elbin, and C. Davis. "Historical and current population trends of herring gulls (Larus argentatus) and great black-backed gulls (Larus marinus) in the New York bight, USA." Waterbirds (2016). 39:74-86.

Lopez, B.E., K.R. Burgio, M.B. Carlucci, K.A. Palmquist, A. Parada, V. Weinberger, and A.H. Hurlbert. “A new framework for inferring community assembly processes using phylogenetic information, relevant traits and environmental gradients.” One Ecosystem (2016). 1: e9501. DOI: 10.3897/oneeco.1.e9501

Dougherty, E.R., C.J. Carlson, V.M. Bueno, K.R. Burgio, C.A. Cizauskas, C.F. Clements, D.P. Seidel, and N.C. Harris. “Paradigms for parasite conservation.” Conservation Biology (2016). 30: 724-733. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12634

Parkins, K.L., S.B. Elbin, and E. Barnes. "Light, glass, and bird—building collisions in an urban park." Northeastern Naturalist (2015): 22: 84-94.

Parkins, K.L., and J. A. Clark. "Green roofs provide habitat for urban bats." Global Ecology and Conservation (2015). 4: 349-357.
Craig, E.C., S.B. Elbin, J.P. Sparks, and P.D. Curtis. "Identifying important foraging habitat for colonial waterbirds in an urban estuary: A stable isotope approach." Waterbirds (2015): 38: 330-338.

Dreiss, L.M., K.R. Burgio, L.M. Cisneros, B.T. Klingbeil, B.D. Patterson, S.J. Presley, and M.R. Willig. “Multiple dimensions of biodiversity for rodents along an extensive tropical elevational gradient: taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic perspectives.” Ecography (2015). 38: 876–888. DOI: 10.1111/ecog.00971

Burgio, K.R., M.A. Rubega, and D. Sustaita. “Nest-building behavior of Monk Parakeets and insights into potential mechanisms for reducing damage to utility poles.” PeerJ (2014). 2:e601 DOI:10.7717/peerj.601

Cisneros, L.M., K.R. Burgio, L.M. Dreiss, B.T. Klingbeil, B.D. Patterson, S.J. Presley, and M.R. Willig. “Elevational variation of multiple dimensions of biodiversity in bats.” Journal of Animal Ecology (2014). 83: 1124–1136. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12201

Carlson, C.J., C.A. Cizuaskas, K.R. Burgio, C.F. Clements, and N.C. Harris. “The more parasites, the better?” Science (2013). 342:1041. DOI: 10.1126/science.342.6162.1041-a

Klem Jr, D., K. L. DeGroot, E. A. Krebs, K. T. Fort, S.B. Elbin, and A. Prince. "A second critique of Arnold and Zink 2011." PLoS One (2012). 

Craig, Elizabeth C., S.B. Elbin, James A. Danoff-Burg, and Matthew I. Palmer. "Impacts of Double-crested Cormorants (Phalacrocorax auritus) and other colonial waterbirds on plant and arthropod communities on islands in an urban estuary." Waterbirds (2012). 35:4-12.

Elbin, S.B., and N. K. Tsipoura. "The Harbor Herons Conservation Plan." New York/New Jersey Harbor Region: NY-NJ Harbor Estuary Program (2010).

K. Prasad, X. Zhang, E. Tobón, B.A. Ambrose. “The Arabidopsis B-sister MADS-box protein, GORDITA, represses fruit growth and contributes to integument development.” Plant Journal (2010). 62: 203-214.

Tobón, E. and José Luis Osorno. “Chick growth variability and parental provisioning in the Magnificent Frigatebird.” The Condor (2006). 108: 612-622.

Tobón, E. “Population survey of the North Island Fernbird in the Manawatu Estuary.” Technical report presented to The Friends of Mana Island Inc. (2005).

Drummond, Hugh, Cristina Rodriguez, Alejandra Vallarino, C. Valderrábano, Gabriela Rogel, E. Tobón. “Desperado siblings: uncontrollably aggressive junior chicks.” Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. (2003). 23: 287-296.

Elbin, S. B., and F. W. Koontz. "Status of grassland birds breeding on restored grasslands at Floyd Bennett Field, Gateway National Recreation Area." Final Report. Wildlife Conservation Society. (1998).

Elbin, S.B., and J. Burger. "In my experience: implantable microchips for individual identification in wild and captive populations." Wildlife Society Bulletin (1994): 677-683. (link)

Elbin, S.B., and J. Burger. "Methods of individual identification for captive colonial waterbirds: lessons from the field." International Zoo Yearbook (1994). 33:148-156.

Elbin, S.B., and A.M. Lyles. "Managing colonial waterbirds: the Scarlet ibis (Eudocimus ruber): as a model species." International Zoo Yearbook (1994). 33:85-94.

Tobón, E. Chapter 10: “Aves Negras, Aves de Colores.” In El Libro De Las Aves De México, edited by P. Robles Gil, F. Eccardi and J Robles Gil, (1989). México: Centro de Arte Vitro.

Elbin, S.B., T. M. Crowe, and H. B. Graves. "Reproductive behavior of Helmeted Guinea Fowl (Numida meleagris): Mating system and parental care." Applied Animal Behaviour Science (1986). 16: 179-197.